The completion of the following tutorials is required by your professor. Be sure to download your Certificate of Completion and upload to the appropriate section on your course Canvas page:
Please contact Melissa Langridge if you have any questions or issues with access.
In today's world of technology, just about anyone can find a wealth of information on just about any topic. The challenge comes in selecting appropriate and reliable sources. Just because a book, article, or website matches the search criteria and seems to be relevant, does not mean it is an appropriate or reliable source of information. Given that all sources are not created equal, learning to analyze and evaluate critically is an important part of the research process.
Although subtle differences are involved when evaluating different types of sources, there are basic questions to be considered with all.
Providing numerical evidence, or quantitative research, may be useful to support your position.
Use the guidance from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab. 'This guide is not meant to teach you statistics, but rather how to use statistics more effectively in your writing. This guide is designed to help you understand both how to write using other people's statistics, and how to write using your own statistics. "
A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journal articles, websites, etc.) that you have consulted in order to write a paper.
An annotated bibliography differs from a standard bibliography. For each source listed you will need to provide descriptive or evaluative comments (i.e., annotations).
To include in your annotations...
Depending on your assignment guidelines, you may have to:
Write an introduction after the bibliography!
Projects like an annotated bibliography lead you beyond what you knew when you started. Your annotated bibliography will be shaped by what you find and what you've learned, so it make sense to write the Introduction when you know exactly what you've accomplished, and what the final scope and limitations of your resource selection are.
You will be using the standard citation style of your department: APA. Your annotation should appear right after or below the citation. (NOTE: I am unable to provide proper APA format on this webpage. All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation).
Adie, J. W., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2010). The well- and ill-being of youth soccer players. Journal of Sport Psychology, 32(5), 555- 579.
Explained early on in the article, youth sport programs have the ability to have a positive effect on young children both psychologically and emotionally. Emphasis is also put on the fact that involvement in youth sports does not guarantee happiness and confidence in a young individual. Sport participation often leads to a loss of motivation and self-esteem, as well as an increase in injuries. This article is a good representation of the stress that youth sports can put on young children. It sheds light on the idea that youth sports are becoming more of a full time job for young athletes rather than a fun and stress-free pass time. This information comes from a reputable source and is based upon fact due to the extensive list of sources referenced from other books and academic journals.
Notice that the first few sentences of the annotation discuss its usefulness while the last sentence relates to the reliability of the article.
Callendar, S. S. (2010). The early specialization of youth in sports. Athletic Training and Sports Helath Care, 2(6), 255-257.
The author discusses the advantages and disadvantages of early specialization of youth players in sports. She touches upon overuse injuries, burnout, and dropout as negatives of youth players in elite leagues. However, she also addresses the positive experiences and benefit the children have to participating in a physical activity.
Notice that this entire annotation is descriptive.